The earliest evidence for human’s use of traditional medicine was the use of plant for healing which dated back to the Neanderthal period. There is still 75-80% of the world population who depend on the herbal medicine for primary health care. The traditional medicine is based on knowledge, skills and the practices that are developed over generations. It is called as the Indigenous or folk medicine. It has popularity in number of Asiatic countries such as China, India, Japan, and Pakistan. WHO estimates that the traditional method of birth attendants assists up to 90% of all the rural births and about 70% of the births in the developing countries.
- Track 1-1 Indigenous medicine
- Track 1-2 Traditional Korean Medicine
- Track 1-3 Traditional African Medicine
Holistic medicine means consideration of the complete person all their physical, psychological, social, lifestyle values and spiritual, in the management and prevention of disease. This therapy is favoured for more spiritual individuals who feel that the spiritual healing is helpful to them. It helps in to restore the body’s natural balance hence helping to lad a more sustained and rewarding quality of life.
- Track 2-1 Multiple intelligence
- Track 2-2 Psychotherapy
- Track 2-3 Integrative medicine
- Track 2-4 Life force energy
- Track 2-5 Botanical medicines
- Track 3-1 Diet therapy
- Track 3-2 Fasting therapy
- Track 3-3 Mud therapy
- Track 3-4 Hydrotherapy
Kampo is the Traditional Japanese Medicine that was developed and used in China during the Han dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). It is the formulation corresponding to Sho. The idea of Kampo is that the human body and mind are inseparable and a balance of physical and mental is essential for human health. Kampo employs a symptom-oriented, holistic approach. It does not focus only on the condition of diseased parts of the body but checks the condition of the entire body and mind. It also seeks to produce a proper balance of all organ systems to recover health in patients. The western medicine and Kampo are being used together in clinical treatment. This combination therapy has contributed to enhanced patient quality of life.
- Track 4-1 Combination therapy
- Track 4-2 Holistic approach
- Track 4-3 Dosan medicine
- Track 4-4 Individualised treatment
It is the ancient medicinal practice that is 2,000 years old. It is defined as the mind-body-spirit practice that opens the meridians and helps enhance our ability to feel the Life force in the physical world. This healing technique involves meditation, controlled breathing and the movement exercises. Thus, it helps in increasing fluid movement and builds the awareness on how body moves through space.
- Track 5-1 Nei gong (internal work)
- Track 5-2 Dai yin (steered energy)
- Track 5-3 Medical Qigong
- Track 5-4 Vital energy cultivation
It is one of the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), which is found in ancient Chinese medical texts more than 4,000 years ago. It involves the scientific manipulation of the soft tissues of the body by applying the techniques of holding, moving muscles and body parts, fixed or movable pressure etc where touch remains the fundamental medium of the therapy. It is generally administered to improve the blood and lymph flow, enhance tissue healing and reduce muscle tension or flaccidity. It embraces the concept of “vis medicatrix naturae“which means the ability of the body to heal by itself.
- Track 6-1 Art of rubbing
- Track 6-2 Stimulation
- Track 6-3 Sedation
- Track 6-4 Flaccidity
Homeopathy is derived from Homois meaning similar and Pathos meaning suffering. It was given scientific basis in early 19th century. It is a pseudoscience which has a belief that is incorrectly presented as scientific. Homeopathic preparations are not effective for treating any condition. About 10% of the Indian population depend on homeopathy for health care. It is the system of alternative medicine.
- Track 7-1 Hahnemann hypotheses
- Track 7-2 Cullen theory
- Track 7-3 Materia medica
- Track 7-4 Nosodes
- Track 7-5 Law of similaris
Ayurveda is the oldest traditional practice of Indian subcontinent since the 12th century BC. The earliest trace of Ayurveda is in the Vedic period when the Aryans compiled the Vedas with maximal reference in Rigveda and Atharvaveda (1500-800 BC). It believes that the illness is caused due to the delicate imbalance of the mind, body and spirit. It is the sister science of yoga. It spreads from India and influences the ancient treatments of China and Greek medical practices. Hence it is called as the “Mother of all healing”. The fundamentals of ayurvedic treatment called ‘Mool Sidhant’ are Dosha, Dhatu, Mala, Agni.
- Track 8-1 Science of life
- Track 8-2 Blueprint for perfect health
- Track 8-3 Quest for longevity
- Track 8-4 Equilibrium with nature
The Unani system originated in Greece and was introduced by Arabs and Persian around 11th century in India. It was laid by Hippocrates in late 460-377 BC. It is based on the classical four humours as Phlegm, blood, yellow bile and black bile. Health is thus a state of the body in equilibrium with the humours. With extra commitments of restorative astuteness from different parts of the Middle East and South Asia, Unani solution came to be referred to likewise as Arabian, or Islamic prescription.
- Track 9-1 Tadeele aza (normalization of tissues/organs)
- Track 9-2 Izalae sabab (elimination of cause)
- Track 9-3 Unani Tibb
- Track 9-4 Greco-Arab
It is a health profession or a form of alternative medicine which involves the treatment approach especially by hands. A system of diagnosis and treatment based on the concept that the nervous system coordinates all the body’s functions, and that disease occurs due to lack of nerve function. It focuses mainly on the functioning and the manipulation of the spine so that pressure on nerves coming from the spinal cord due to displacement (subluxation) of a vertebral body may be relieved. It is the best treatment for acute lower back pain. Among those who have used the treatment for the back pain, 66% perceived greater benefits.
- Track 10-1 Spinal manipulation therapy
- Track 10-2 Repetitive strain injury
- Track 10-3 Dysmenorrhea
- Track 10-4 Subluxation
It was developed in japan in early 1900’s by the Buddhist monk which involves the kneading, pressing, soothing, tapping and stretching that are performed with light and comfortable clothing. It also stimulates the body’s vital energy called Qi. The pressure is given with thumb, hands, fingers, elbows, knees or the feet. The pressure is given at the meridians of the body which helps in to stimulate the nervous and the immune system. The body generally have 12 meridians in the lung, large intestine, stomach, spleen, heart, small intestine, bladder, kidney, heart governor, triple heater, gall bladder and liver.
- Track 11-1 Meridians
- Track 11-2 Tokojiro Namikoshi
- Track 11-3 Joint manipulation
- Track 11-4 Mobilisation
The origin of siddha system was attributed to Agastya, who is believes as the father of siddha medicine. In India the siddha medicine is coordinated by The Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy. According to Siddha any changes or disturbances in the physiological components of the body causes diseases. Also, the diet and lifestyle play a major role in curing diseases. The diagnosis is carried out by examining the eight items which are called as “enn vakaith thervu”. The physiological components of human body are classified as Vadham, Pitham, Kapam.
- Track 12-1 Andapinda thathuvam
- Track 12-2 Herbo-mineral formulations
- Track 12-3 Heavenly bliss
- Track 12-4 Rasa sasthra
Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine which is a key element of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). It is believed to be originated around 100 BC in China. It is a treatment in which the needles are inserted into the body that helps in to relieve pain. It believes that Qi (energy flow) is responsible for the essential health. Any changes or disruptions in Qi leads to disease. It is found that it helps in the stimulation of hypothalamus, pituitary glands and the secretion of neurotransmitters.
- Track 13-1 Cochrane reviews
- Track 13-2 Placebo effect
- Track 13-3 Cupping therapy
- Track 13-4 Needle grasp
- Track 13-5 De-qi sensation
The concept of integration of the traditional medicine and the so called modern medicine is achieved by using modern scientific knowledge and techniques. It is used to supplement the weakness of current conventional medical systems. Thus, it is promising to offer reciprocal benefits to each system for the greater welfare of mankind. It also enhances the quality of practitioners. Based on the scientific evidence the acupuncture, medicinal plants, traditional exercise and meditation has been used as a part of oncology setting. Ayurvedic preparations can be used along with chemo and radiotherapy for cancer treatments.
- Track 14-1 Pharmacology
- Track 14-2 Psychopharmacology
- Track 14-3 Meditation
The patients seeking traditional medicine is now in great demand because of its better compatibility, acceptability and minimal side effects. Hence its use now is growing exponentially. To be used as an alternative to modern medicine, a vigorous method of scientific and clinical validation must be carried out to prove the effectiveness of the product, to gain public trust and to bring the herbal product into mainstream of today’s healthcare system. The side effects, misuse and overuse of allopathic drugs lead the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2013 to develop and launch the WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2014-2023 which focuses and emphasised on integrating traditional and complementary medicine to ensure a better quality, safety and effectiveness. Hence the world is now looking for some cost effective, easily available and compatible medicines to provide basic healthcare to all.
- Track 15-1 Reflexology
- Track 15-2 Self Hypnosis
- Track 15-3 Music & Sound Therapy